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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 350-355

Effect of Erythrina variegata seed extract on hyperlipidemia elicited by high-fat diet in wistar rats


1 Department of Pharmacology, C. L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Jyothi Nagar, Thoraipakkam, Chennai - 600 097,Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, C. L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Jyothi Nagar, Thoraipakkam, Chennai - 600 097, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
G Balamurugan
Department of Pharmacology, C. L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Jyothi Nagar, Thoraipakkam, Chennai - 600 097,Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21180471

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Objective : To investigate the effect of the methanolic extract of Erythrina variegata (Linn.) var Orientalis (Fabaceae) seeds (MEEV) in reducing the cholesterol levels and as well as antioxidant in experimentally induced hyperlipidemic rats. Materials and Methods : Doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg of the extract were evaluated for its effect on lipid profile, HMG-CoA reductase, and on antioxidant enzymes in high-fat diet (HFD) induced hyperlipidemia. Results and Conclusion : The elevated levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and very low density lipoprotein due to HFD was reduced by concurrent treatment with MEEV (200 and 400 mg/kg) significantly (P<0.001). A significant reduction (P<0.001) in high-density lipoprotein was noticed in HFD fed groups; however, a nonsignificant increment was produced by the administration of MEEV (200 and 400 mg/kg). The HMG-CoA reductase activity was increased in HFD fed animals significantly (P<0.001) and was reduced by MEEV 400 mg/kg significantly (P<0.001). There was a noticed increase in the body weight and mesenteric fat pad weight in HFD fed group (P<0.001), which was reduced by the administration of MEEV (200 and 400 mg/kg). The antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase were reduced significantly in the HFD fed group, whose levels were increased significantly (P<0.001) by the administration of MEEV (200 and 400 mg/kg). Lipid peroxidation was increased in HFD fed animals, which was reduced significantly (P<0.001) by the treatment with MEEV (200 and 400 mg/kg).


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