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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 368-374

Sociodemographic variables of contraceptive practice in Sikkim

1 Department of Health, Secretariat office, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranabir Pal
Department of Community Medicine, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences and Central Referral Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.84439

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Objectives : The objective was to assess sociodemographic characteristics of men who use contraceptive and to compare them with men whose wives use contraceptive. Materials and Methods : Study design: A population-based cross-sectional study was performed. Study setting: It was performed in rural setting of the Sang PHC and Pakyong PHC service areas in Sikkim, India. Study participants: A total of 596 currently married men enrolled in the eligible couple registers. Interventions: No interventions occurred. Measurements: Sociodemographic correlates of contraceptive use were analyzed: occupation, religion, ethnicity, literacy, age, loss of children, and distance from health facility. Results : The use of contraceptive was high among the cultivators - men (44.45%), spouse (36.01%) followed by persons in Government service, respectively, 31.49% and 31.55%. Hindu men (55.42%), women (69.25%), and other backward communities (OBC) men (47.53%) and their wives (52.31%) were the majority users. A significantly higher number of users of contraceptive were literate men (72.33%) and their wives (86.17%) (χ2 =0.021, P> 0.05). Highest use was found in men and women (44.47%) in the 35 years and above (43.83) age group. But this difference was not significant. With the increase in the number of losses of children the contraceptive use declined among men and their spouses. Contraceptive users were higher at distances 1 hour and above from the health center compared to others. Conclusions : The finding of the research indicated that sociodemographic correlates determine the magnitude of the contraceptive use among couples in a rural community. A research agenda should define factors at both macro and micro levels that interact to adversely impinge on reproductive health outcomes.

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