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DENTAL SCIENCE - ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 33-35

Maxillofacial trauma in Tamil Nadu children and adolescents: A retrospective study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vivekanandha Dental College, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Periodontia, Vivekanandha Dental College, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramraj Jayabalan Arvind
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vivekanandha Dental College, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.113290

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Aim: The aim of this retrospective study is to describe the incidence, aetiology, complexity and surgical indications of maxillofacial injuries in children and adolescents population of Tamil Nadu state of india during period of 4 years. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted among 500 children and adolescents patients of age group 6 years to 16 years suffered or suffering with maxillofacial and skull fractures presenting to ten Level I trauma centers over a 4 year period.The data collected for this study included age, gender, etiology, associated maxillofacial trauma, anatomic site of fracture and treatment. Results and Conclusion: In our study the most common cause of trauma was traffic 35%, followed by falls 24% and sports 22%. Mandible was commenest bone prone to fracture, followed by maxilla and nasal bone. Mandible fractures accounted for 72% of all maxillofacial fractures.


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