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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 333-340

Community Pharmacist’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices towards Vitamin Supplements in Al-Khobar Region, Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
2 Department of Pharmacy, Mohammed Al Mana College for Medical Sciences, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad D Ali
Department of Pharmacy, Mohammed Al Mana College for Medical Sciences, Abdulrazaq Bin Hammam Street, As Safa, Dammam, 34222
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_99_19

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Aims and Objectives: To foster a podium for assessing and evaluating knowledge, attitudes, and professional practices of Saudi community pharmacists in counseling patients regarding the safe usage of dietary supplements. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between January 2017 and April 2017. Collection of data was carried out by using a set of 44 semi-structured self-administrated questionnaires. Study was conducted among community pharmacies in Al-Khobar Region, Saudi Arabia, with target sample of 250 pharmacists. Results: A total of 102 pharmacists contributed in this study. The mean average score of the participants in subjective assessment of knowledge was 62.45%. Half of the participants (51.96%) achieved good and excellent score in objective assessment regarding knowledge of vitamin, 66.67% of the respondents thought that pharmacists should be knowledgeable regarding vitamin supplements, and 81.37% declared that they inform the patients about possible adverse effects by the use of dietary supplements. Conclusion: The study revealed a positive attitude of community pharmacists in Al-Khobar Region on their role in patients’ counseling about the safe usage of vitamins as dietary supplements. However, their level of knowledge about vitamin supplements needs to be improved to meet consumer’s needs regarding usage of dietary supplements.

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