Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 291-297

Self-medication survey among pharmacy students in Iraq

Department of Pharmacy, Al-Rasheed University College, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Muhannad R M Salih
Department of Pharmacy, Al-Rasheed University College, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_806_20

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Background: Self-medication (SM) is the self-administration of treatment without a medical prescription or consultation or guidance from a physician or a health-care provides. Aim and Objectives: This study aims at understanding the existing prevalence of self-medication (SM) and finding out underlying circumstances among pharmacy students of the two universities. Materials and Methods: A study was undertaken involving pharmacy students of two universities in Baghdad. The students' responses obtained from a self-administered questionnaire were analyzed to assess the prevalence and attitude of students toward SM. Results: The data obtained from a valid questionnaire form answered by 188 students revealed that 63.3% had indulged in SM, and 39.9% reported practicing on rare occasions. The majority (48.9%) relied on the information received from the pharmacist with 44.7% and 16% of them had used over-the-counter and prescription-only medicines, respectively. 54.8% of participants were against SM but reported that it could be used in rare situations. Conclusions: The prevalence of SM was high among study participants. Therefore, necessary steps are needed to create awareness about the irrational use of SM and prevent the sale of medicines without a prescription.

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