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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 187-189

Assessment of pattern of oral prosthetic treatment and prevalence of oral diseases in edentulous patients in North Indian Population: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, BJS Dental College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 MDS, Prosthodontist, COAMS King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India
5 Department of Prosthodontics, IDST, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Sharma
Department of Health and Family Welfare, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_648_20

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Background: The present study was undertaken for assessing the pattern of oral prosthetic treatment and prevalence of dental diseases in edentulous patients in North Indian population. Materials and Methods: A survey was carried out in North Indian population, and screening of the edentulous patients was done. Five hundred edentulous patients were enrolled. Complete oral and general examination was carried out. Pro forma was framed, and clinical details were recorded. Using mouth mirror and explorer, complete oral examination was carried out. Demographic profile was also evaluated. Prosthetic rehabilitation pattern of all the participants was also recorded. Results: Complete removable denture and removable partial denture were method of rehabilitation in 28% and 31% of the participants. Dental implant-supported complete denture was used in 8% of the patients, whereas dental implant-supported overdenture was used in 33% of the participants. Ulcerative lesions were present in 5% of the patients, whereas oral leukoplakia was present in 4% of the patients. Oral lichen planus and torus were present in 2% and 1% of the patients. Conclusion: Majority of the geriatric patients prefer having removable denture. Furthermore, due to nutritional deficiency associated with geriatric age, oral leukoplakia and ulcerative lesions are more common in them.

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