Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences
Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences Login  | Users Online: 4316  Print this pageEmail this pageSmall font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 
    Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Past Issues | Instructions | Online submission

Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 452-455

Analyzing the role of malnourishment in malocclusion: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Dentistry, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Consultant, Department of Pedodontics, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India
4 Hi-Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
5 Department of Orthodontics and Maxillofacial Orthopaedics, PDM Dental College and Research Institute, PDM University, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India
6 Department of Oral Pathology, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Kumari Menka
MDS, (Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry), Consultant Pedodontist, Patna, Bihar
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_602_20

Rights and Permissions

Background: Malocclusion is defined as an occlusion in which there is malrelationship between the arches in any of the three planes or anomalies in tooth position beyond normal limits, the etiology being multifactorial. Malnutrition may also be allied to malocclusion, predominantly crowding, due to insufficient space for the teeth to erupt in the correct place. Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate the role of diet as an etiological factor in the occurrence of malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and twenty malnourished subjects were examined by a single experienced dental professional and the occlusal relationships were evaluated at a centric occlusion position by instructing the subject to swallow and then bite on the teeth together. Results: Ninety-eight subjects (44.54%) had Angle's Class I malocclusion with crowding: 18 (8.1%) presented with spacing. Angle's Class II division 1 malocclusion was evident in 52 subjects (23.63%), while Class II division 2 in 38 subjects (17.27%). Only 14 subjects (6.3%) presented with Angle's class III malocclusion. Conclusion: Dietary factors and dentition measures from a subset 220 malnourished subjects found that malnourished subjects with basal metabolic index <18.5 had statistically significant relationships with the crowding variables.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded199    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal