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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1406-1409

Analysis of risk factors associated with squamous cell carcinoma in the Indian population


1 Reader, Department Of Oral Pathology And Microbiology, Sarjug Dental College And Hospital, Darbhanga Bihar, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department Of Public Social Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School, Ragolu, Sriakulum, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nalanda Medical College And Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department Of Oral Pathology And Microbiology, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Senior Resident, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
6 Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery, Consultant, The Dental Office, Harlur, Banglore, Karnataka, India
7 Associate professor, Department of Dentistry, Sri Shankaracharya Medical College, Bhilai, Durg Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Wagisha Barbi
Department of Dentistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_228_21

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Background: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) describes the carcinomatous growth in the oral cavity. Recently, various authors have described increased SCC incidence in the young population. The distribution of SCC shows varied geographic spread, with the highest distribution in Asian countries. Aims: The present trial was carried out to assess the associated factors that could lead to increased risk of developing oral cancer. Materials and Methods: Oral examination was carried out for 21 participants by a dentist and any significant oral lesion or deleterious habit if present, was recorded. The data collected were analyzed. Results: Areca nut was chewed by 47.61% participants (n = 10), smoking tobacco by 76.19% (n = 16), chewing tobacco by 38.09% (n = 8), and consuming alcohol in 9 participants (42.85%). No significant difference was seen concerning age for any factor except alcohol which showed higher intake in the older group where six participants depicted alcohol intake as compared to three participants in the younger group. In participants who chewed areca nuts, 6 participants also smoked tobacco and 1 consumed alcohol. For tobacco chewing, 5 consumed alcohol and 6 also took tobacco as smoke. Conclusion: The present study showed that areca nut and tobacco chewing along with alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking increase the risk of developing SCC in the Indian population.


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