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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-113

Approach to the current rational use of antibiotics among the albanian dentist community


1 Department of Pharmacy, Albanian University, Albania
2 Department of Dentistry, Albanian University, Albania
3 Department of Orthopedic, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine, Albania
4 Department of Surgery, Dental University Clinic, University of Medicine, Albania
5 Head of Regional Dental Unit Care in Shkodër, Albania

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shpati Kleva
Str. “Kajo Karafili” No. 22, Tirana
Albania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.jpbs_243_22

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Rising antibiotic use is a serious threat to the success of therapy in dentistry for bacterial resistance and side effects to the patients. The dentist community in Albania prescribing too many antibiotics. This survey assesses the mode of antibiotic use among Albanian dentists, with appropriate dosage and regimen, and antibiotic stewardship and their knowledge of relevant guidelines. Material and Methods: This survey study was conducted among 180 Albanian dentists. The questionnaire was distributed through e-mail addresses found in the database of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine of Tirana. We assessed 180 dentists out of which 154 (85.56%) completed the entire questionnaire. Results: There were 24,870 prescriptions in adult patients from 154 dentists for a period of six months with an average of 1,243 prescriptions per week. The most used antibiotics were fixed combinations of amoxicillin–clavulanic acid (67.43%) and azithromycin (39.3%) for allergic patients to beta-lactams. The results for antibiotic stewardship were incorrect in 37.01% of total providers, and gastrointestinal disorders were reported as side effects. Conclusion: This survey conducted among Albanian dentists shows a different trend of using antibiotics than in other countries. To tackle the current antibiotic resistance, dentists must be an important part of the antimicrobial stewardship program of the Public Health Institution in Albania to change individual behavior.


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