Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 555--560

Immunohistochemical Expression of the Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Proteins E-cadherin and β-catenin in Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma


Vijay Kumar, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash Chandra Dash, Lipsa Bhuyan, Niva Mahapatra, Pallavi Mishra 
 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Abikshyeet Panda
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
India

Background: E-Cadherin/β-Catenin protein complexes play a major role in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and vice versa. Such types of EMT are implicated physiologically during embryonic development and pathologically in tissue fibrosis and tumorigenesis. Aims: The aim was the evaluation of E-Cadherin and β-Catenin immunoreactivity in various grades of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to correlate their pattern of expression. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical expression of E-Cadherin/β-Catenin was evaluated in a total n = 30 tissue samples comprising of n = 10 well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (WDSCC), n = 10 moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (MDSCC), and n = 10 poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (PDSCC). Based on the intensity of staining, an immunoreactivity scoring was calculated. Statistical Analysis: The scorings obtained were subjected to independent t-test, paired t-test, Chi-square test, and ANOVA test using SPSS version 20.0 statistical analysis software. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A significant difference was observed in the expression of β-Catenin between normal mucosa and WDSCC; normal mucosa and MDSCC. A gradual decrease in the immunoreactivity score of E-Cadherin is seen in WDSCC, MDSCC, and PDSCC. Conclusion: Therefore, dysregulation of these proteins can lead to tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis. Further studies are warranted to specify the role of these EMT proteins as prognostic/therapeutic markers in patients suffering from OSCC.


How to cite this article:
Kumar V, Panda A, Dash KC, Bhuyan L, Mahapatra N, Mishra P. Immunohistochemical Expression of the Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Proteins E-cadherin and β-catenin in Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.J Pharm Bioall Sci 2021;13:555-560


How to cite this URL:
Kumar V, Panda A, Dash KC, Bhuyan L, Mahapatra N, Mishra P. Immunohistochemical Expression of the Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Proteins E-cadherin and β-catenin in Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. J Pharm Bioall Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jun 27 ];13:555-560
Available from: https://www.jpbsonline.org/article.asp?issn=0975-7406;year=2021;volume=13;issue=5;spage=555;epage=560;aulast=Kumar;type=0